David Bilbrough studied medicine at Queensland University , graduating in 1984 with a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery. He did his residency training at Toowoomba Base Hospital before heading to the United Kingdom in 1987 were he gained experience in general surgery, oncology, and general medicine. He then came back to Toowoomba working at the Base Hospital until 1990. He completed his General Practice training in 1993, gaining his Fellowship of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners the following year. He worked in a busy general medical practice in Toowoomba between 1989 and 2007, but took a year away from this in 1997 to work in an Oncology unit at the Royal Marsden Hospital just outside London. His interest in skin cancer started after working in both general practice and the oncology units. He gained his Fellowship of the Skin Cancer College of Australia and New Zealand (now the Skin Cancer College Australasia) in 2012. He has worked in full time skin cancer medicine since 2007 at Toowoomba Skin Cancer Clinic with Dr Peter Bourne, before starting his own practice at this clinic in 2018.